A number of plant and fungal proteins that bind N-acetylglucosamine (e.g. solanaceous lectins of tomato and potato, plant endochitinases, the wound-induced proteins hevein, win1 and win2, and the Kluyveromyces lactis killer toxin α-subunit) contain this domain in one or more copies . The hevein-like domain is thought to be involved in recognition or binding of chitin subunits.
The major latex allergen prohevein (Hev b 6.01) is composed of an N-teminal hevein-like domain and a C-terminal barwin domain. The protein is posttranslationally cleaved into its constituent domains. The N-terminal domain, named hevein, contains the major part of the IgE binding sites of prohevein . N-terminal hevein-like domains of class 1 chitinases from fruits such as avocado, banana, and chestnut are cross-reactive with hevein and thought to be responsible for frequent allergic reactions of latex-allergic patients to these fruits termed the latex-fruit syndrome . However, the clinical relevance of IgE cross-reactivity between hevein and class I chitinases has recently been questioned .
An allergen (Bra r 2) with a prohevein-like domain composition was identified in turnip rape . Wheat germ agglutinin (Tri a 18) consists of four hevein-like domains and is an IgE-binding protein of unknown allergological significance.
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