Biomechanics is an interdisciplinary science of structure and function of the musculoskeletal system and belongs today to the basic understandings of orthopedics. Biomechanics uses terms, methods and laws of mechanics and is, besides it, based on other branches of physics, mathematics, (bio-) chemistry, biology, sports and neuro-physiology as well as anatomy.
The origins of biomechanics date back to 400 A.D. and are attributed to the philosopher Aristotle and his composition De Motu Animalium (‘On the Motion of Animals’). Since then Leonardo da Vinci, Andreas Vesalius, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli and many others dealt with the functional aspects of the musculoskeletal system.
Biomechanics belongs today not only to modern orthopedics and surgery, but also to competitive sports and many related industrial fields.