Propedeutics have to be completed by the end of the 4th semester. They consist of compulsory and elective courses. For further information please contact the
» propedeutics website.
• Basic Seminars
The basic seminars will be held in a concentrated form in two blocks, one in the first and one in the second semester. The first block (1st semester, 2 hours/week, 2 ECTS points) will cover gender aspects and epidemiology of cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, anatomy, ultrastructure and physiology of the heart, lung and vasculature and disease mechanisms relevant for the program “Cardiovascular and pulmonary disease”. The second block (2nd semester, 2 hours/week, 2 ECTS points) includes lectures on regeneration of heart and blood vessels, diagnostics, therapy and special tools in clinical research. The detailed contents and timetable of the basic seminars will be announced separately.
• Journal Clubs
In the Journal Clubs students will present recently published scientific papers relevant for the respective research group and critically discuss these papers within the group. In general, Journal Clubs should take place once a week. It is anticipated that these Journal Clubs are specifically research group-oriented; however they are open for students of all participating research groups.
• Thesis Seminars and Practical Seminars
In Thesis Seminars students will present their current research work, and protocols and results will be critically discussed. In general these seminars should take place once a week in small groups. In addition there will be Practical Seminars, in which students should gain insight into advanced techniques employed in research in the field of cardiovascular and pulmonary medicine.