Ursula Wiedermann-Schmidt had studied Medicine in Vienna, Austria. Between 1990-1995 she entered a PhD-program in Sweden at the Institute of Clinical Immunology at the University Gothenburg, focusing her research on mucosal immunity and vaccination. Back in Vienna she continued her research career at the University of Vienna concentrating on mucosal vaccination against allergic diseases. After her habilitation (venia docendi) in 1999 she founded the research group “Mucosal Immunity and Vaccination”. In 2001 she finished her medical training as specialist for “Immunology” and “Specific Prophylaxis and Tropical Hygiene”. At the Institute of Specific Prophylaxis and Tropical Medicine she enlarged her research areas to vaccine development against infectious diseases and tumours, and focused on clinical vaccine trials to study immune responsiveness and immune failures upon vaccination. In 2004 she became Head of the Institute of Specific Prophylaxis and Tropical Medicine of the Medical University Vienna and in 2006 she was assigned Professor for Vaccinology at the Medical University Vienna. She is a member of the Supreme Board of Health and the Chairman of the National Committee of Immunization Practice of the Austrian Ministry of Health. Since 2009 she is Speaker of the newly founded Centre for Geographic Medicine at the Medical University Vienna. She has more than 100 publications (including book chapters and reviews) and has performed more than 200 presentations at international and national conferences.