J. Stephen Lansing - Islands of Order
Abstract: Not long ago, both ecology and social science were organized around ideas of stability. This view has changed in ecology, where nonlinear change is increasingly seen as normal, but not (yet) in social science. This talk describes two surprising discoveries about emergent cultural patterns in traditional Indonesian societies
The first story is about the emergence of cooperation in Bali. Along a typical Balinese river, small groups of farmers meet regularly in water temples to manage their irrigation systems. They have done so for a thousand years. Over the centuries, water temple networks have expanded to manage the ecology of rice terraces at the scale of whole watersheds. Although each group focuses on its own problems, a global solution nonetheless emerges that optimizes irrigation flows for everyone. Did someone have to design Bali's water temple networks, or could they have emerged from a self-organizing process? To find out more please have a look at an APA-article in German Language.
The second story is about language. In 1995 Richard Dawkins memorably described genes as a "River out of Eden", an unbroken connection between the first DNA molecules and every living organism. We are not accustomed to think of language in the same way. But we each speak a language that has been transmitted to us in an unbroken chain stretching back to the origin, not of life, but of our species. “Language moves down time in a current of its own making,” as Edward Sapir wrote in 1921. In a study of 982 tribesmen from 25 villages on the islands of Timor and Sumba, we use genetic information to seek patterns in the flow of 17 languages in deep time.
Professor J. Stephen Lansing co-directs the Complexity Institute, as well as is the Faculty Associate Chair for Asian School of the Environment at Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. He is also an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute, an emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of Arizona, and a senior research fellow at the Stockholm Resilience Centre. Before moving to Arizona in 1998, Lansing held joint appointments at the University of Michigan in the School of Natural Resources & Environment and the Department of Anthropology, and earlier chaired the anthropology department of the University of Southern California.
J. Stephen Lansing is External Faculty at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna.