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Herwig Czech
Univ.-Prof. Mag. Dr. Herwig Czech

Ethics, Collections and History of Medicine
Position: Professor

ORCID: 0000-0001-9231-2762
T +43 1 40160 26012

Further Information


History of Medicine

Research interests

I am a historian of medicine with a focus on the 20th century. My most important current project deals with the history of brain research by the German Kaiser Wilhelm Society (now Max Planck Society) on victims of Nazi persecution. Since January 2021 I am a member (and since September 2021 co-chair) of the Lancet Commission on Medicine, Nazism, and the Holocaust.

Selected publications

  1. Czech, H. et al. (2023) ‘The Lancet Commission on medicine, Nazism, and the Holocaust: historical evidence, implications for today, teaching for tomorrow’, The Lancet, 402(10415), pp. 1867–1940. Available at:
  2. Czech, H., Weindling, P. and Druml, C. (2021) ‘From scientific exploitation to individual memorialization: Evolving attitudes towards research on Nazi victims’ bodies’, Bioethics, 35(6), pp. 508–517. Available at:
  3. Czech, H. et al. (2021) ‘The Medical University of Vienna and the legacy of Pernkopf’s anatomical atlas: Elsevier’s donation of the original drawings to the Josephinum’, Annals of Anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 237, p. 151693. Available at:
  4. Czech, H., 2018. Hans Asperger, National Socialism, and “race hygiene” in Nazi-era Vienna. Molecular Autism, 9(1). Available at:
  5. Czech, H., Druml, C. & Weindling, P., 2018. Medical Ethics in the 70 Years after the Nuremberg Code, 1947 to the Present. Wiener klinische Wochenschrift, 130(S3), pp.159–253. Available at: