Arthropod Vectors; Evolution, Molecular; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing; Host-Pathogen Interactions; Molecular Diagnostic Techniques; Zoonoses
My main research focuses on understanding the diversity, ecology, and evolution of viruses, with a strong emphasis on (primarily zoonotic) RNA viruses. The goal of this research is to understand how viruses change, and how those changes affect the pathogenicity and/or immune responses in humans. The practical side of this research is gaining new diagnostic methods to detect and characterize viruses, while the translational side of the research relates building molecular and bio-informatic tools to characterize the virome using 1st, 2nd, and 3rd generation sequencing. Principal virological taxa include: Bunyaviruses (Order Bunyavirales, families Hantaviridae, Peribunyaviridae, and Nairoviridae); Mosquito- and tick-borne flaviviruses (West Nile virus, Usutu virus, Tick-borne encephalitis virus); Influenza A/B/C viruses; Respiratory syncytial virus (Human orthopneumovirus A/B)
Techniques, methods & infrastructure
We rely heavily on 1st (Sanger), 2nd (Illumina), and 3rd (MinION nanopore) generation sequencing platforms, as well as state-of-the-art bioinformatic techniques to characterize virus diversity and infer/predict their evolutionary history.
- Cryptic mosquitoes and the ecology of urban West Nile virus (2017)
Source of Funding: City of Vienna, Hochschuljubiläumsstiftung der Stand Wien
- Vector competence of invasive mosquitoes for native arboviruses (2017)
Source of Funding: EU, COST EurNegVec Short-term Scientific Mission
- Camp, J.V. et al. (2021) ‘Genetic Diversity of Puumala orthohantavirus in Rodents and Human Patients in Austria, 2012–2019’, Viruses, 13(4), p. 640. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13040640.
- Camp, J.V. and Redlberger‐Fritz, M. (2022) ‘Increased cases of influenza C virus in children and adults in Austria, 2022’, Journal of Medical Virology [Preprint]. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jmv.28201.
- Camp, J.V. et al. (2021) ‘The transmission ecology of Tahyna orthobunyavirus in Austria as revealed by longitudinal mosquito sampling and blood meal analysis in floodplain habitats’, Parasites & Vectors, 14(1). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13071-021-05061-1.
- Camp, J.V. et al. (2021) ‘Association of Dromedary Camels and Camel Ticks with Reassortant Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, United Arab Emirates’, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 27(9), pp. 2471–2474. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2709.210299.
- Camp, J.V. et al. (2021) ‘Mixed Effects of Habitat Degradation and Resources on Hantaviruses in Sympatric Wild Rodent Reservoirs within a Neotropical Forest’, Viruses, 13(1), p. 85. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/v13010085.