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Detail

Klaus Kratochwill
Priv.Doz. DI Dr. Klaus KratochwillHead of Christian Doppler Laboratory for Molecular Stress Research in Peritoneal Dialysis (CDL-MSRPD)

Comprehensive Center for Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (Division of Pediatric Nephrology and Gastroenterology)
Position: Research Associate (Postdoc)

ORCID: 0000-0003-0803-614X
T +43 1 40400 73747
klaus.kratochwill@meduniwien.ac.at

Further Information

Keywords

Animal models; Electrophoresis; HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; Nephrology; Peritoneal Dialysis; Proteomics; Randomized Controlled Trial; Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Research interests

Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a life-saving renal replacement therapy for more than 200,000 patients worldwide. However, PD causes major morbidity and mortality due to infectious complications and peritoneal membrane failure. From a holistic view, this damage must be regarded as imbalance between PD-related cellular insults and counteracting stress responses.

Using a systems biology approach our previous work has obtained insight into intracellular events and functional pathways in models of experimental PD and thereby identified inadequate or suppressed cellular stress responses (CSR) in mesothelial cells exposed to PDF as a novel pathomechanism in PD. In our search for interventions for improving the CSR we identified the dipeptide alanyl-glutamine (Ala-Gln) as a promising cytoprotective additive to PDF. Current findings, so far, clearly support a specific role of Ala-Gln supplementation on the restoration of cytoprotective responses during PDF exposure, suggested by proteomic analysis of involved biological processes, which might be mediated by altered O-GlcNAcylation.

Techniques, methods & infrastructure

In our CDL we use omics techniques (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) to characterize molecular profiles of clinical samples and samples obtained from in-vitro and in-vivo models, using previously established bioinformatic tools as well as novel analytical approaches (high abundance protein depletion/low abundance protein enrichment approch, redox-proteomics, cross-omics comparison, etc.). Using orthogonal approaches (morphology, functional testing, testing in clinical trials) we aim to validate these molecular profiles.

Grants

Selected publications

  1. Vychytil, A. et al., 2018. A randomized controlled trial of alanyl-glutamine supplementation in peritoneal dialysis fluid to assess impact on biomarkers of peritoneal health. Kidney International, 94(6), pp.1227–1237. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.kint.2018.08.031.
  2. Herzog, R. et al., 2018. Effects of Alanyl-Glutamine Treatment on the Peritoneal Dialysis Effluent Proteome Reveal Pathomechanism-Associated Molecular Signatures. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics, 17(3), pp.516–532. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/mcp.RA117.000186.
  3. Bartosova, M. et al., 2017. Complement Activation in Peritoneal Dialysis–Induced Arteriolopathy. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 29(1), pp.268–282. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2017040436.
  4. Herzog, R. et al., 2017. Functional and Transcriptomic Characterization of Peritoneal Immune-Modulation by Addition of Alanyl-Glutamine to Dialysis Fluid. Scientific Reports, 7(1). Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05872-2.
  5. Herzog, R. et al., 2014. Dynamic O-Linked N-Acetylglucosamine Modification of Proteins Affects Stress Responses and Survival of Mesothelial Cells Exposed to Peritoneal Dialysis Fluids. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 25(12), pp.2778–2788. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1681/ASN.2013101128.