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Christian Windischberger
Assoc.-Prof. Priv.-Doz. DI Dr. Christian WindischbergerDeputy Head MR Physics

Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering
Position: Associate Professor

ORCID: 0000-0002-9944-0190
T +43 1 40400 64630

Further Information


Amygdala; Brain Mapping; Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Emotions; Frontal Lobe; Functional Neuroimaging; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Motor Cortex; Retinotopy; Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; Visual Cortex

Research interests

We are a functional neuroimaging research group at the Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering and the MR Center of Excellence at the Medical University of Vienna, Austria. Closely connected to the Vienna General Hospital (AKH Wien), one of the largest hospitals in the world, and not too far away from the University of Vienna, the MR Center is an ideal place for our fMRI group for interdisciplinary clinical and basic biomedical research, as well as collaborations in biological psychology and cognitive science projects. Furthermore, the improvement and development of novel acquisition, data processing and analysis methods are central topics of our group.

Techniques, methods & infrastructure

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Ultra-high field fMRI (7 Tesla)

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)

Transcranial ultrasound stimulation (TUS)



  • CITRUS - Closed-loop Individualized image-guided Transcranial Ultrasonic Stimulation (2022)
    Source of Funding: EU, European Innovation Council - Pathfinder
    Coordinator of the collaborative project
  • Stilumus efficacy in retinotopic mapping (2022)
    Source of Funding: FWF (Austrian Science Fund), Stand-alone project
    Principal Investigator
  • Calibrated brain stimulation via concurrent TMS/fMRI (2019)
    Source of Funding: FWF (Austrian Science Fund), Stand-Alone Project
    Principal Investigator
  • Functional networks underlying emotion processing (2018)
    Source of Funding: EU, MSCA-IF
    Principal Investigator
  • CREAM - Creativity Enhancement Through Advanced Brain Mapping and Stimulation (project partner) (2013)
    Source of Funding: EU, FP7-ICT-2013-10
    Principal Investigator
  • Man4Gen - Manual Control of 4th Generation Airliners (project partner) (2012)
    Source of Funding: EU, FP7-AAT-2012-RTD-1
    Principal Investigator
  • LIKE ME (project partner) (2011)
    Source of Funding: WWTF (Vienna Science and Technology Fund), Cognitive Sciences Call
    Principal Investigator
  • OPIOIDEMPATHY (project partner) (2011)
    Source of Funding: WWTF (Vienna Science and Technology Fund), Cognitive Sciences Call
    Principal Investigator
  • Networks of Anxiety (2008)
    Source of Funding: OeNB (Oesterreichische Nationalbank), Anniversary Fund
    Principal Investigator

Selected publications

  1. Rütgen, M. et al., 2015. Placebo analgesia and its opioidergic regulation suggest that empathy for pain is grounded in self pain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 112(41), pp.E5638-E5646. Available at:
  2. Sladky, R. et al., 2013. Disrupted Effective Connectivity Between the Amygdala and Orbitofrontal Cortex in Social Anxiety Disorder During Emotion Discrimination Revealed by Dynamic Causal Modeling for fMRI. Cerebral Cortex, 25(4), pp.895-903. Available at:
  3. Tik, M. et al., 2018. Ultra-high-field fMRI insights on insight: Neural correlates of the Aha!-moment. Human Brain Mapping, 39(8), pp.3241–3252. Available at:
  4. Biswal, B.B. et al., 2010. Toward discovery science of human brain function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(10), pp.4734-4739. Available at:
  5. Tik, M. et al. (2023) ‘Acute TMS/fMRI response explains offline TMS network effects – An interleaved TMS-fMRI study’, NeuroImage, 267, p. 119833. Available at: